What is it about?
The paper presents a previously undocumented group of 22 lithics held at the Heraklion Archaeological Museum, which were recently identified as provenanced from the Mesolithic site of Smelroren in Norway. Archival testimonies allow one to tentatively formulate the hypothesis that these artefacts were possibly expatriated from Norway under unknown circumstances and transferred to Crete in 1941 by the Austrian archaeologist August Schörgendorfer, who was assigned with the safekeeping of cultural heritage in the occupied island.
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Why is it important?
The main aim of the paper is to explore the historical background of this orphaned collection, as this is so far the only known case whereby an officer of the ‘Art Protection’ unit (Kunstschutz) of the Wehrmacht introduced foreign archaeological objects into a Greek archaeological institution. Moreover, I examine the shifting agency of this Smelroren collection as a result of its mobility, after Schörgendorfer donated the lithics to Heraklion Museum.
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This page is a summary of: ΑN EXPATRIATED ‘COLLECTION’ OF MESOLITHIC NORWEGIAN LITHICS AT HERAKLION ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM AND WORLD WAR II LEGACIES, Oxford Journal of Archaeology, March 2020, Wiley,
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ARCHAEOLOGY IN THE WAR ZONE: AUGUST SCHÖRGENDORFER AND THE KUNSTSCHUTZ ON CRETE DURING WORLD WAR II
This paper considers the recruitment of young archaeologists into the German military on Crete and its impact upon the development of archaeological agendas during the period of the Third Reich. It explores – as a case study – the archaeological activity of August Schörgendorfer, an Austrian archaeologist, on German-occupied Crete.
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