What is it about?

Numerous environmental factors are known to trigger type 1 diabetes. This study aimed to determine whether there is an association between influenza and new-onset type 1 diabetes. Although only patients with type 1 diabetes were included, in the adjusted analysis, individuals had a 1·3-fold (95% confidence interval: 1·15–1·46) higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes within 180 days after an influenza diagnosis than at other times. The sensitivity analyses confirmed the robustness of this finding.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

The risk of new-onset type 1 diabetes increased after influenza was diagnosed in this Japanese population-based cohort. using administrative claims database. These results, which must be confirmed in other populations, suggest that influenza virus infection may be a causal factor in new-onset type 1 diabetes. The molecular mechanisms underlying the potential etiological relationship between influenza and type 1 diabetes requires should be evaluated further.


Writing this article was a great pleasure as it has co-authors with whom I have had standing collaborations. More than anything else, and if nothing else, I hope you find this article thought-provoking.

Yuichi Nishioka
Nara Medical University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Association between influenza and the incidence rate of new‐onset type 1 diabetes in Japan, Journal of Diabetes Investigation, April 2021, Wiley,
DOI: 10.1111/jdi.13540.
You can read the full text:




The following have contributed to this page