What is it about?

Self-disclosure, the act of revealing personal information to others, is associated with benefits such as increased relationship satisfaction, decreased psychological distress, and self-empowerment for individuals with marginalized identities. This study investigates the self-disclosure experiences of adults who stutter through the analysis of participant interviews. Themes relating to self-disclosure experiences are described and supported by participant interview excerpts.

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Why is it important?

Self-disclosure has been judged to be a helpful strategy for adults who stutter because it is associated with positive listener perceptions. Few studies, however, have investigated the outcomes of self-disclosure from the perspective of the person who stutters. This study centers the perceptions of adults who stutter. Participants reported that self-disclosure reduced anxiety and improved focus during communication. Self-disclosure was also associated with psychosocial benefits such as self-empowerment and social connection. Additionally, participants emphasized the importance of personalized self-disclosure use, wherein the speaker creates an authentic, comfortable self-disclosure statement and identifies beneficial contexts of use through practice.

Perspectives

Through this research, we seek to amplify the voices of adults who stutter and promote clinical strategies associated with self-empowerment and communicative effectiveness, rather than strategies that aim to minimize or conceal stuttering.

Megan Young
University of Texas at Austin

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Self-Disclosure Experiences of Adults Who Stutter: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, September 2022, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), DOI: 10.1044/2022_ajslp-22-00048.
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