What is it about?

The rapid transmission of COVID-19 has led to unexpected responsibilities for nurses who may not have been equipped to navigate the professional, physical, and psychological challenges of a pandemic. In confronting COVID-19, nurses have been experiencing challenges, including mandatory quarantine, working overtime under stressful circumstances, caring for infected people, witnessing patients losing their lives or suffering from severe complications, and insufficient organizational and social support,. These challenges contribute to developing several psychological issues such as depression, stress, anxiety, and insomnia. If unrelieved, these psychological issues can impact nurses’ optimal mental health, quality of life, job-related outcomes, and therefore, patients care.

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Why is it important?

This review has implications for nurses, hospital leaders policymakers, and researchers around the world. Nurses could use the identified coping strategies as a self-help approach. Hospital leaders could use the findings to initiate interventions that support nurses cope with stressful events. Researchers might examine the effectiveness of long-term support and assess multiple interventions that target several leading causes of psychological issues among nurses before, during, and after high-stress situations. Policymakers could use the findings to initiate policies to facilitate nurses' access to needed resources during stressful events. Overall, the findings of this review could help protect nurses' mental health and aid them to flourish, hence enhancing their overall well-being and increasing the quality of patient care.

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This page is a summary of: Alleviating psychological symptoms in nurses during disease outbreaks: An integrative review, International Nursing Review, April 2022, Wiley,
DOI: 10.1111/inr.12756.
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