What is it about?

The biopsychosocial model (BPSM) on chronic pain is an interactive psychophysiological behavior pattern that cannot be separated into different independent components. However, the epistemological analysis of the classic biopsychosocial model BPSM, based on "biopsychosocial factors", cab be reduced to a list of biological, psychological and social factors, which can be addressed simultaneously, but independently, where simultaneity is seen as relationality. The aim of this article is to achieve a systemic and transdisciplinary vision of the idea of simultaneity and multidisciplinarity of the BPSM and propose a new model (CO4) for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic pain.

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Why is it important?

The CO4 model allows a diagnostic and therapeutic standardization as a new model on chronic pain, improving therapeutic efficiency, resource use and laying the foundation for a common language in future chronic pain research.


Implement the CO4 BC model in the diagnosis and treatment of patients Orofacial Pain, Pain Unit, with chronic pain and other chronic diseases, in a transdisciplinary and coordinated manner, from primary health care to more complex pain units.

Dr. Leonardo Lavanderos

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Biocybernetic model for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic pain, Kybernetes, January 2020, Emerald,
DOI: 10.1108/k-07-2019-0469.
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