What is it about?

We show how the international experiences of three founder-managers of micro, small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in Ireland influence the subsequent human resource management (HRM) practices that are implemented to recruit and retain international employees. The founder-managers' respective acquired career capital from their work experience internationally is, in turn, used to inform the recruitment and retention policies and practices that they put in place to attract and support their international workforce/skilled migrants in Ireland. We also show a correlation between the organisation size and the degree of formality in the HRM policies and practices that our three case study organisations implemented.

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Why is it important?

Our three case studies show how the size of the enterprise (micro, small or medium) influence the degree of formality of HRM polices that are in effect in small and medium sized organisations. Our paper also shows the homophily effect in that those that have had similar experiences themselves (skilled migrants living in a host country) can better understand and tailor HRM supports in order to recruit and retain international staff.


The paper shows that 'what goes around comes around'. Skilled migrants own experiences of living internationally are reflected in the practices they pursue when seeking international staff. The experiential learning of decision-makers is important in understanding international mobility challenges, and the applied intelligent career capital of skilled migrant founders facilitates the recruitment and retention of global talent in their small and medium-sized enterprises in Ireland.

Dr Marian Crowley-Henry
Maynooth University, National University of Ireland Maynooth

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: What goes around comes around. Exploring how skilled migrant founder–managers of SMEs recruit and retain international talent, Journal of Global Mobility The Home of Expatriate Management Research, May 2021, Emerald, DOI: 10.1108/jgm-01-2021-0003.
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