What is it about?
This paper arose from an educational exercise designed to introduce secondary school students to the technique of single-crystal X-ray diffraction and enhance their understanding of primary and secondary bonding. The students were given the opportunity to prepare a series of new alkali metal salts of an organic acid, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid. With the assistance of experienced crystallographers, the students used modern, easy-to-use software to solve and refine X-ray diffraction data collected on the crystalline materials they had prepared. Their investigation yielded nine new compounds and the structures are described in this article.
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Why is it important?
The role of X-ray crystallography in providing detailed representations of molecules is poorly recognized in many secondary school chemistry courses worldwide. This exercise introduced senior secondary school students to this technique. In addition, it proved to be highly successful in demonstrating the fundamental roles of strong and weak bonding interactions in the structure of materials. Whilst the salts are readily synthesized, the structures of most of the compounds prepared in this study have not been reported previously, allowing students to experience genuine scientific discovery and also to appreciate the power, precision and convenience of the technique of X-ray crystallography for structure analysis.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: Alkali metal salts of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid: a structural and educational study, Acta Crystallographica Section C Structural Chemistry, June 2021, International Union of Crystallography, DOI: 10.1107/s2053229621005465.
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