What is it about?

This study was aimed to determine the most common Fungi community associated with whole wheat plant as well as seed, rhizosphere and soil in the North of Iraq, Basra province, using traditional methods based on morphological and molecular identification.

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Why is it important?

To the best of our knowledge, there were not previous publications about the community of environmental mycobiota associated with entire wheat plant parts (ear, crown, stem and root) in Iraq and the Middle East countries. However, there have been some studies about the biology and natural existence of specific fungus on wheat ears, such as the study of Šrobárová that was performed in Slovakia about Fusarium spp. during the period 1993-1996. In addition to, numerous studies surveyed various fungal species from stored in silos or new harvested wheat seeds, and therefore, it can be stated that the recent research is the first survey conducted for that purpose.


It is obvious from the present study that all examined wheat seeds were contaminated by fungi. In order to determine the main involvement of wheat to world food, its production have to be improved to meet the nutritional needs of the growing world population. Importantly, Iraqi farmers should be compelled by Iraqi Ministry of Agriculture to plant certified wheat seeds, which are substantial contribution for crop production and subsequently decrease yield losses due to those associated pathogenic fungi with wheat seeds. Also, preventing agricultural trading companies from importing wheat seeds and limit it to the government and this is a crucial way to make Iraq self-sufficient and also participate to the food security. Additionally, the majority of seed born pathogenic fungi can be basically controlled by treating seeds with fungicides and biological substrates. Furthermore, using typical storage services for preserving wheat grins in silos to decrease the contamination level produced by those pathogenic fungi associated with wheat seeds lower than damage threshold is suggested.

Dr. Mohammed Hussein Minati

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Fungal Diversity of Winter Wheat Parts, Seed and Field Soil in Iraq, Basra Province, IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering, November 2020, Institute of Physics Publishing, DOI: 10.1088/1757-899x/928/6/062004.
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