Characterization of natural cellulosic fiber from bark of Albizia amara

  • P. Senthamaraikannan, M. R. Sanjay, K. Subrahmanya Bhat, N. H. Padmaraj, Mohammad Jawaid
  • Journal of Natural Fibers, April 2018, Taylor & Francis
  • DOI: 10.1080/15440478.2018.1453432

Newer natural fiber sourced identified and characterized.

What is it about?

The present investigation aimed to understand the physicochemical properties of new natural fiber extracted from Albizia amara (AA) bark. The chemical composition and structural, thermal, and tensile properties of AA fibers (AAFs) were investigated. The results indicated that AAF had crystallinity index of 63.78%, cellulose of 64.54 wt%, hemicellulose of 14.32 wt%, lignin of 15.61 wt%, and low density of 1043 kg/m3. Thermogravimetric analysis shows that AAFs were thermally stable up to 330.6°C and the functional groups of the AAFs were identified by Fourier transform infrared analysis. The AAFs exhibited tensile strength of 640 ± 13.4 MPa with strain rate of 1.57 ± 0.04%. This investigation reveals that AAFs could be a suitable material as reinforce agent in natural fiber–polymer composites for different applications.

Why is it important?

Potential source for natural fibers. Plant grows in arid conditions is an advantage..


Dr Subrahmanya Bhat K
Manipal Institute Of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education

Natural fibers and agro-industrial residues are important source in the preparation of composites. They can help to reduce the environmental impact due to the indiscriminate use of synthetic polymers. Related publications: (i) G. T. Mahesha, B. S Shenoy B, M. Vijaya Kini, K. Subrahmanya Bhat, Preparation of unidirectional Grewia Serrulata reinforced polyester composites and evaluation of tensile and flexural properties, J. Nat. Fibres, 13(5), 547-554, 2016. (ii) G. T. Mahesha, B. S Shenoy B, M. Vijaya Kini, K. Subrahmanya Bhat, Mechanical Characterization and water ageing behavior studies of Grewia serrulata bast fiber reinforced thermoset composites, J. Nat. Fibres., 14(6), 788-800, 2017. (iii) T. G. Yashas Gowda, M.R. Sanjay, K Subrahmanya Bhat, P. Madhu, P. Senthamaraikannan, B. Yogesha, Polymer Matrix-Natural Fiber Composites: An Overview, Cogent Engg, 2018, Article id: 1446667 (13 page). (iv) Madhu P, Sanjay M R, Pradeep S, Subrahmanya Bhat K, Yogesha B, S. Siengchin, Characterization of cellulosic fiber from Phoenix pusilla leaves as potential reinforcement for polymeric composites, J Mat. Res. Tech., 8(3), 1597-2604, 2019; Scopus-Q1.

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The following have contributed to this page: Dr Subrahmanya Bhat K, Mr senthamaraikannan P, and Dr Mohammad Jawaid