What is it about?

This paper primarily addresses the accountability and response on the part of internet intermediaries for abusive content against children transmitted in their platform. Additionally, we have attempted to provide an insight into the reasons behind the online exploitation of children in India with the help of empirical data.

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Why is it important?

The findings of our study suggest that the exploitation and abuse of children frequently transpire online, and the public perception regarding the gender of child victims varies between girls and boys.


Based on empirical data we concluded that the percentage of reported incidents of online exploitation against boys are relatively low and that online exploitation is to a large extent a variant of traditional exploitation itself. Another significant observation is that irrespective of higher awareness about the intermediary liability and procedure for content reporting, the percentage of respondents who have flagged the CSAM content is relatively low. Our study revealed that a significant percentage of respondents have come across CSAM content in a local vernacular language, which indicates the inadequacy of the AI techniques adopted by the intermediaries to identify CSAM content in vernacular.

Ms. Aswathy Prakash G
Saveetha University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Online exploitation of children and the role of intermediaries: an Indian legislative and policy perspective, International Review of Law Computers & Technology, November 2021, Taylor & Francis,
DOI: 10.1080/13600869.2021.1999290.
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