What is it about?

To evaluate critically the ideal-type depiction of entrepreneurs as wholesome super heroes that permeates the entrepreneurship literature, this paper analyses whether entrepreneurs in the service sector are involved in off-the-books transactions.

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Why is it important?

Reporting data from interviews conducted in England with 91 early-stage entrepreneurs (defined here as individuals starting-up an enterprise in the past 3 years) and 81 more established selfemployed in the service sector, the finding is that 77 and 74%, respectively engaged in offthe- books transactions.


The paper calls for a move beyond ideal-type representations of entrepreneurs and towards a fuller comprehension of the lived practices of entrepreneurship

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

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This page is a summary of: Beyond ideal-type depictions of entrepreneurship: some lessons from the service sector in England, Service Industries Journal, September 2008, Taylor & Francis, DOI: 10.1080/02642060701846770.
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