What is it about?

Until now, participation in undeclared work has been explained through either a structuralist lens as driven by ‘exclusion’ from state benefits and the circuits of the modern economy or through a neo-liberal and/or post-structuralist lens as driven by the voluntary ‘exit’ of workers out of formal institutions and into this alternative realm.

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Why is it important?

Reporting the results of a 2007 survey of undeclared work in eight Baltic nations, this paper reveals how such either/or explanations need to be transcended and replaced with an appreciation of the heterogeneous nature of such work and the diverse motives underpinning participation in this sphere.


One of the first papers to evaluate the extent and nature of the undeclared economy in the Baltic countries

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Out of the Shadows: Explaining the Undeclared Economy in Baltic Countries, Journal of Baltic Studies, March 2010, Taylor & Francis, DOI: 10.1080/01629770903525282.
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