What is it about?

This work evaluated the implementation of the free fare policy on public transport in Tallinn as a case study experiment regarding innovation in transport policy with potential environmental consequences.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

he research allows us to deepen our understanding of innovation governance in relation to mitigation and adaptation, as well as identifying effective ways of stimulating and diffusing experiments on policy and governance innovations.


Evidence regarding its success is inconclusive due to a lack of accurate measurements of public transport passengers and car users both before (when validation was not compulsory) and after (when validation is done only by 1/3 of travellers) the FFPTS was implemented. This picture, due to the lack of accurate measurements, becomes more blurred, as during the aftermath of its implementation, the city has undergone important infrastructural reform (the variability registered in street crossings might be due to city access and street works and also to tram railway renewal), there is no specific available data on private vehicles petrol consumption, and according to experts even air quality is more dependent on climatic conditions than on traffic.

PhD Daniel Gabaldón-Estevan
Universitat de Valencia

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Broader impacts of the fare-free public transportation system in Tallinn, International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, April 2019, Taylor & Francis,
DOI: 10.1080/19463138.2019.1596114.
You can read the full text:




The following have contributed to this page