What is it about?

The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and abdominal obesity is escalating in South Asian countries. It is well established that MetS is associated with increased risk for both Type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. Abdominal obesity refers to the presence of excess fat in the abdominal area. Abdominal or visceral obesity, characterized by an excess of visceral adipose or intra-abdominal tissue, is a diagnostic marker of MetS. South Asians have an increased risk of MetS due to a variety of factors including unhealthy lifestyle and their unique body composition.

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Why is it important?

Diseases have become more prevalent in recent years as a result of affluent lifestyles, poor eating habits, and technological advancements that have disconnected individuals from physical activity. Obesity, Type 2 diabetes, and heart disease cases have all been clinically demonstrated to be increasing at an alarming rate around the world. The pattern of fat distribution in the bodies of South Asians to explains why they are more prone to diseases like diabetes, osteoporosis, and heart problems. Therefore, identification of the prevention and management strategies enables the prioritization and implementation of interventions to reduce the occurrence of the disease.


This article is very special to me as it was my very first contribution for an expert review. Writing this article was a great pleasure as it has two co-authors who are international experts in the nutrition field from two different countries

Piumika Sooriyaarachchi
Queensland University of Technology

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome in South Asians: prevention and management, Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism, September 2021, Taylor & Francis,
DOI: 10.1080/17446651.2021.1982381.
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