Economic and Social Rights and Transitional Justice: A Framework of Analysis

Juan Carlos Ochoa-Sánchez
  • Journal of Human Rights, June 2019, Taylor & Francis
  • DOI: 10.1080/14754835.2019.1609349

Economic and Social Rights and Transitional Justice

What is it about?

Should some socio-economic issues be included in the realm of transitional justice? And if so, how? This work brings analytical clarity and original insights to these questions and specifically to the inclusion of violations of economic and social rights (ESRs) within the mandate of several widely used transitional justice mechanisms. First, it provides a nuanced and comprehensive framework of analysis to examine whether the inclusion of large-scale ESR violations within the powers of the studied mechanisms is in conformity with the functions they have had traditionally. Second, by analyzing the implementation of this analytical framework with respect to the power to adjudicate and provide reparations for large-scale ESR violations, it sheds new light on important aspects of these questions. It demonstrates that exercising the two mentioned powers by the analyzed mechanisms with respect to large-scale ESR violations is mostly in conformity with the functions these mechanisms have had traditionally. It also shows that most of the challenges that including these violations within the two studied powers would pose to the institutional competence and democratic legitimacy of the examined mechanisms are because these are large-scale abuses, not that they are ESR violations. Reviews: Shareen Hertel, Professor at the University of Connecticut and the Journal’s Editor: “This is an important contribution to contemporary human rights scholarship.” Título en Castellano: Derechos Económicos y Sociales y Justicia Transicional: Un Marco de Análisis. ¿Deben las violaciones de los derechos económicos y sociales (‘DES’) ser incluidas dentro del ámbito de la justicia transicional? En caso afirmativo, ¿cómo? Mi estudio hace importantes aportes al análisis de estas preguntas, específicamente respecto a la inclusión de las violaciones masivas de los DES dentro de los poderes de ciertos mecanismos de justicia transicional usados de manera frecuente. En primer lugar, mi artículo elabora un marco de análisis exhaustivo y matizado para examinar si la inclusión de las violaciones masivas de los DES dentro de los poderes de los mecanismos de justicia transicional estudiados, se ajusta o no a las funciones que estos tradicionalmente han tenido. En segundo lugar, al analizar la implementación de este marco de análisis con respecto a los poderes de adjudicar y de reparar violaciones masivas de los DES, mi trabajo aporta nuevas ideas e información sobre aspectos de importancia crítica de las cuestiones analizadas.

Why is it important?

It examines not only the question of whether to include violations of economic and social rights (ESRs) within the mandate of several widely used transitional justice mechanisms, but also how this should be done. It provides a nuanced and comprehensive framework of analysis to examine these two questions. It covers the analytical, legal and normative perspective. It connects various bodies of literature that for long remained separated. Texto en Castellano: Examina no sólo la cuestión de si se deben incluir las violaciones de los derechos económicos y sociales en el mandato de varios mecanismos de justicia transicional ampliamente utilizados, sino también cómo hacerlo. Abarca la perspectiva analítica, jurídica y normativa. Conecta varios cuerpos de literatura que durante mucho tiempo permanecieron separados.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14754835.2019.1609349

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