What is it about?

Through the case study of the Borobudur Temple, which was the focus of large-scale interventions by UNESCO and the Japanese during the 1970s, this paper explores the dichotomy between European monument-centred heritage approaches against the cultural landscapes concept developed in Japan.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

This paper finds that at the time of the site’s nomination for inscription on the World Heritage List, the obligatory use of World Heritage criteria meant that the Indonesian authorities followed European ideas of heritage value.


This paper explains how the heritage management at Borobudur continued post-colonial monument-centred heritage discourse and undermine the community-based heritage management and the practice of wider landscape protection.

Dr Masanori Nagaoka

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: ‘European’ and ‘Asian’ approaches to cultural landscapes management at Borobudur, Indonesia in the 1970s, International Journal of Heritage Studies, July 2014, Taylor & Francis,
DOI: 10.1080/13527258.2014.930065.
You can read the full text:




The following have contributed to this page