What is it about?

Children who exhibit persistent stuttering vary in attitudes about their speech but are likely to have negative attitudes and emotions that may be modified with appropriate counseling that includes positive messaging as well as speech therapy.

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Why is it important?

The exploratory study is unique in the effort to use mixed methods to examine three African American children who stutter and have co-occurring speech, language problems as well as variability in attitude about talking.


The case study with three African American children, ages 6 to 10, addresses individual variation in attitudes among children with persistent stuttering, with one child demonstrating a positive attitude about talking despite his stuttering. All of the children showed some improvement. However, this case study is a modest beginning and more research is needed to examine the impact of counseling on children's speech and attitude.

Dr. Nola T. Radford
University of TN Health Science Center

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Positive Messages And Traditional Therapy For Three Children With Persistent Stuttering, International Journal of Disability Development and Education, February 2021, Taylor & Francis,
DOI: 10.1080/1034912x.2021.1885630.
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