What is it about?

This study is about the inclusive education of students who are d/Deaf and hard of hearing (d/Dhh) in Saudi Arabia. It investigated the major challenges of the education of this group of students in the general education classroom as well as provided some recommendations in order to improve the inclusive education process.

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Why is it important?

This study explored the existing situation of the education of d/Dhh students in Saudi Arabia to identify weaknesses and ways to improve upon the services.


There are some obstacles that limit the inclusion of d/Dhh students in general education classrooms in Saudi Arabia. These obstacles include under-qualified teachers, lack of educational interpreters, low community awareness in schools, lack of teaching and learning materials, and other issues as well. In this study, Three themes emerged from teachers’ responses including 1) appropriate educational placement for students with hearing loss; 2) general classroom environment, and 3) perceived ability to teach students with hearing loss in the inclusive classroom.

Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Inclusion Programmes for Students Who are Deaf and Hard of Hearing in Saudi Arabia: Issues and Recommendations, International Journal of Disability Development and Education, June 2019, Taylor & Francis,
DOI: 10.1080/1034912x.2019.1628184.
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