What is it about?

The article argues that should the Philippines consider downgrading its alliance with the U.S. to a security partnership then it must take into account the following: the consequence of losing the deterrence effect of a defense treaty with the world’s most powerful nation; the impact on Philippine defense spending; on the ongoing Armed Forces of the Philippines’ (AFP’s) modernization program; and whether or not the Filipino nation will support this move.

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Why is it important?

It examines contemporary alliance politics between the U.S. and the Philippines.


I wrote the first draft of this article a few days after President Rodrigo Duterte informed the U.S. that he is abrogating the 1999 Philippine-U.S. Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA).

Distinguished University Professor Renato Cruz De Castro
De La Salle University Manila

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Abstract of crisis in Philippine-U.S. security relations: from an alliance to a security partnership?, The Pacific Review, November 2020, Taylor & Francis,
DOI: 10.1080/09512748.2020.1845227.
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