What is it about?

Being able to envision the future systematically and creatively is an important ability to deal with changes. We incorporated an futures-thinking online activity into a general science class to help university students develop such ability using the topic of GM food. This study examines how students envision a desirable future through the scaffolding activity.

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Why is it important?

Our analysis of students' responses to the online activity revealed some characteristics of their thinking about GM food futures, and moreover, using the factor analysis, three perspectives were found underlying these characteristics. These findings can serve as important guidance for futures-oriented science instruction.


I have been very fortunate to receive many positive and encouraging comments from colleagues and reviewers since the study was communicated in its earlier form. I hope this paper will lead to more people taking interest, and getting involved, in the development of futures thinking among students!

Shu-Chiu Liu
National Sun Yat-sen University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Genetically modified food for the future: examining university students’ expressions of futures thinking, International Journal of Science Education, March 2019, Taylor & Francis,
DOI: 10.1080/09500693.2019.1585995.
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