What is it about?

The article documents the archaeological evidence from Lapa do Picareiro, a cave site in central Portugal.

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Why is it important?

It casts doubt on the idea of a barrier separating Neanderthal and modern human populations and also casts doubt on a late survival of Neanderthals, after 40,000 years ago.


This discovery was a complete surprise. It overturned every idea about when and how modern humans replaced Neanderthals.

Jonathan Haws
University of Louisville

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This page is a summary of: The early Aurignacian dispersal of modern humans into westernmost Eurasia, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, September 2020, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2016062117.
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