What is it about?
Most insects harbor bacterial endosymbionts within their tissues, which have major impacts on their physiology, ecology, and evolution. We investigate mechanisms that regulate such interaction between Drosophila melanogaster and its natural endosymbiont Spiroplasma poulsonii. Spiroplasma poulsonii grows in the fly circulatory system and colonizes the fly ovaries, which allows its transmission from the mothers to their offspring across generations. We found that the protein Spiralin B plays a role in this process. However, probably because of its key function in bacteria transmission, Spiralin B is massively produced and monopolizes essential amino acids, impacting bacterial growth in nutrient-limited conditions.
Photo by Erik Karits on Unsplash
Why is it important?
Our work illustrates that a single bacterial protein can couple two key aspects of an endosymbiont lifestyle (its ability to proliferate in host tissues and to be vertically transmitted), thus maintaining the interaction over evolutionary timescales. We also demonstrate that the primary sequence of this unique protein fully defines the amino-acid requirements of the bacterium, linking its growth to the nutritional status of its host.
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This page is a summary of: Disproportionate investment in Spiralin B production limits in-host growth and favors the vertical transmission of
insect endosymbionts, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, July 2022, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2208461119.
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