What is it about?
Ferroelectric thin films of metallic oxides have important applications. Such films were elaborated by depositing a chemical solution on a substrate and by annealing. Films composed of similar grains (size and crystallographic structure) can be ferroelectric or not. Indeed, ferroelectricity depends on the film morphology. We have shown for the first time that the films have a columnar growth when no organic constituents are left. In this case, the films are ferroelectric. The conditions for a columnar or a shifted granular growth mode were so far unknown.
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Why is it important?
The morphology of the films was studied as a function of thermal annealing from the liquid film to the dry one. We propose a model based on diffusion, convection and evaporation in order to explain the growth of solution-deposited thin films. This is important in thin film engineering to anticipate film morphology to exhibit targeted morphologies and properties.
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This page is a summary of: Effect of thermal annealing on the morphology of sol–gel processed barium strontium titanate thin films: Consequences on electrical properties, AIP Advances, June 2020, American Institute of Physics, DOI: 10.1063/5.0007242.
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