What is it about?

This tutorial is a resource for speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and speech-language pathology assistants (SLPAs) working in schools to help them with the process of collecting and reporting data when working as a team. The purpose of the tutorial is to help SLPs and SLPAs to clearly communicate the goals and results of speech-language services with each other, thereby improving the effectiveness of the screening, evaluation, and treatment services students receive. Timing of data collection, use of the student’s treatment goals to guide treatment and data collection planning, types of data to collect, and ways to summarize and report the data are described. We share several resources for planning, collecting, recording, summarizing, and reporting quantitative data. These include frequency, percentage, and duration. Best practices for speech and language sample collection, transcription, and analysis are provided with an emphasis on objective documentation of qualitative data, such as observed student behaviors.

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Why is it important?

When SLPs and SLPAs work as a team in school settings, the SLPA needs to deliver services according to the SLP’s plan and to document those services and the student’s responses accurately. The strategies outlined in this tutorial and the supplemental materials provided will assist SLPs and SLPAs in their efforts to communicate service needs and results clearly, improving the effectiveness of their services.


Accurately collecting and reporting data is challenging, yet it is one of the most important skills for SLPs and SLPAs to have when working together to deliver services in schools. I hope that this tutorial provides the information and tools SLPs and SLPAs need to document their services and communicate with each other.

Jennifer Schultz
Mitchell Technical College

"Quantitative data, such as recording correctness of responses, leads to accuracy percentages for an SLP’s decision-making about treatment programming. To support those statistics, the SLP/SLPA team carefully observes and documents student behaviors, such as student mood changes that can influence quantitative data. I hope this tutorial guides SLP/SLPA teams to effective collaborations and functional data collection." Kathleen Ross, University of Vermont

Kathleen Ross
University of Vermont

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Tutorial: Data Collection and Documentation Strategies for Speech-Language Pathologist/Speech-Language Pathology Assistant Teams, Language Speech and Hearing Services in Schools, October 2022, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA),
DOI: 10.1044/2022_lshss-21-00151.
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