What is it about?

There's great diversity in the elicitation of language samples for clinical use. More attention has been on the manner in which the sample is coded than on how the manner in which the sample is elicited. Context matters and this study examined two specific contextual variables: discourse type (narrative vs. expository) and elicitation task (retell vs. generation).

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Why is it important?

Because context matters, the discourse type and elicitation tasks can influence the quality and volume of the language sample, which leads to different clinical decisions. It is important to know the purpose of collecting a language sample and make a choice about the context in which the sample will be elicited so that clinicians have the best information to inform their decisions.


There is a lot more to examine that just discourse type and elicitation task, but these are a great start. Language sampling is considered best practice, but we know very little about the contexts that yield the "best" samples. Of course, "best" is determined by the purpose of the sample and the age/development of the child, which also need to be examined.

Dr Trina D Spencer
University of Kansas

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Impact of Discourse Type and Elicitation Task on Language Sampling Outcomes, American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, October 2023, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), DOI: 10.1044/2023_ajslp-22-00365.
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