What is it about?

Children and adolescents can be sensitive to developing externalizing psychopathology, such as attention problems, aggressive behavior, and delinquency. Applying two distinct theoretical and analytical frameworks—latent variable and network—we conducted a comprehensive evaluation of the diverse array of symptoms from these dimensions across six time points from childhood to early adolescence.

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Why is it important?

We identified symptoms that may represent critical liabilities and specific points in development where the connections between symptoms significantly differed. Our results also illustrate how two methods—latent variable and network—provide important and complementary information.


This work would not have been possible without the support of the Fast Track and Child Development Project teams. We are thankful to participants for their continued involvement in these large longitudinal studies.

Natalie Goulter
Newcastle University

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This page is a summary of: Externalizing psychopathology from childhood to early adolescence: Psychometric evaluation using latent variable and network modeling., Psychological Assessment, September 2022, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/pas0001163.
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