What is it about?

This paper argues that only by fully utilizing scientific techniques can the field resolve many of its basic problems, including how to define its constructs of interest and what the goals are for our work.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

Spirituality and religiousness represent uniquely human motivations. Studying them in a clear and precise manner will help to expand the social sciences' understanding of human psychology and greatly expand current models of psychopathology and ultimate human functioning.


I believe that there is too little productive research being done the this area. Too many essential questions remain unanswered (e.g., a definition of spirituality/religiousness, an ontological model that explains the origins and functions of these constructs, and adequate measures that reflect truly psychological aspects of religious and spiritual strivings). Rigorous research can and will solve these issues and help move the field forward and into the mainstream of the social sciences.

Dr. Ralph L Piedmont
Center for Professional Studies

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Putting the science back in the scientific study of religiousness and spirituality: A commentary on Paloutzian and Park (2021)., Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, February 2021, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/rel0000298.
You can read the full text:




The following have contributed to this page