What is it about?

Antagonism is an understudied trait related to important life outcomes like interpersonal conflict and incarceration. This study analyzed features of antagonism in a large community sample with a range of behavioral problems. Analyses using both self-report and clinical interviews revealed 6 key factors: Antisociality, Anger, Hostility, Narcissism, Mistrust, and Attention Seeking.

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Why is it important?

This study has important implications for how antagonism should be assessed in the population. Results add to previous work in this area by (1) using a large community sample, (2) including individuals with a wide range of problems related to antagonism, and (3) using both self-report and interview-ratings of antagonism (i.e., BPAQ, STAXI, DAPP, SIDP-IV criteria). Results will help to guide future research in the assessment and treatment of problems related to antagonism (e.g., Narcissistic Personality Disorder, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, interpersonal problems).


This article is a special contribution to psychological science because it is the first to harness the full extent of our lab's large community data set collected over multiple decades. This study also helps to bridge the gap between psychology and psychiatry by applying novel research methods that are typically used in psychology research to a data set with a diverse range of psychiatric diagnoses and antagonistic behavior (e.g., ~75% with a personality disorder, ~ 30% with intermittent explosive disorder). The union between psychology and psychiatry is also exemplified in the analytic combination of both self-report and psychiatric interview data in the study.

William Calabrese
Stony Brook University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: The structure of antagonism: A hierarchical model of self- and interview-rated psychopathology., Personality Disorders Theory Research and Treatment, September 2022, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/per0000603.
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