What is it about?

In her autobiography, Charlotte Bühler, one of the leading developmental psychologists of her time, discussed several problems related to her emigration to the US. For instance, she claimed that job offers presented to her husband Karl Bühler and herself by Fordham University were withdrawn mainly because of religion issues (she was protestant, and the children were raised in the protestant religion). Based on unpublished documents, our reanalysis of the case revealed different reasons for the negative reaction of Fordham University. There is no doubt that Charlotte Bühler's initial emigration plans differed from the account given in her autobiography.

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Why is it important?

Several biographers adopted Charlotte Bühler's incorrect version of the Fordham University problem and other issues related to her emigration to the US. It seems important to us to provide the correct version of this story.


Writing this article was a great experience. We first adopted Charlotte Bühler's version of the Fordham University failure and gradually changed our perspective on the case, digging out documents that told us a different story.

Prof. Dr. Armin Stock
University of Würzburg, Center for the History of Psychology

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Charlotte Bühler and her emigration to the United States: A clarifying note regarding the loss of a professorship at Fordham University., History of Psychology, March 2023, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/hop0000229.
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