What is it about?

Metacognition is a key factor for successful learning. Here, by studying how early metacognitive skills improve in toddlers and young children, we found evidence suggesting that early metacognitive skills could be related to children’s memory functioning up to two years later. Such results suggest that early metacognition could be linked to children’s later cognitive development.

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Why is it important?

Overall, our results provide evidence to enhance our understanding of the developmental course of metacognition from toddlerhood to early childhood and suggest that metacognitive processes are involved in memory performance much earlier than had previously been shown.


Writing this article was a great pleasure as it was my first experience as an author. From a theoretical perspective, I hope that this publication will provide further information about developmental metacognition and memory models. From a practical point of view, our results reveal the importance of providing metacognitive support at the earliest stage of children's development.

Marion Gardier
University of Liège

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This page is a summary of: The developmental path of metacognition from toddlerhood to early childhood and its influence on later memory performance., Developmental Psychology, April 2024, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/dev0001752.
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