What is it about?

This paper explores the connection between belief in dualism and the tendency to experience illusory pattern detection. The findings suggest that individuals who adhere to dualistic beliefs are more likely to perceive patterns where none actually exist. Their belief in dualism influences how they interpret and perceive the world around them, leading to an increased susceptibility to seeing patterns or connections that may be illusory.

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Why is it important?

This paper holds significance both in theory and practice. On a theoretical level, it proposes a connection between high-level beliefs and low-level perceptual processes. From a practical standpoint, the paper suggests that schizophrenia may be rooted in dualistic thinking, as patients with schizophrenia frequently exhibit paranormal beliefs, which are closely linked to dualistic thinking.


Conducting this research has been an extraordinary experience. Initially, our objective was to find a connection between free will beliefs and low-level social perceptual processes. However, we discovered that only dualism showed an association with low-level perception, specifically in pattern recognition. While other studies have explored the relationship between high-level beliefs like paranormal beliefs and low-level processes, there has been a lack of investigation into broader universal beliefs, such as dualistic beliefs and free will beliefs. This publication fills that crucial gap in the literature.

Wei Peng

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Believing is seeing: Belief in dualism is related with illusory pattern detection., Psychology of Consciousness Theory Research and Practice, July 2023, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/cns0000365.
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