What is it about?

We know that education plays an important role in the trajectory to criminal offending. Our study looked at two crucial aspects of childhood education: Achievement and absences. Our results indicated that achievement and absences played an important role, especially for the male participants. For example, higher aggression meant lower achievement or more absences, less years of education, and an increased likelihood of charges for violent offences. However, for males, having high achievement protected them from violence charges. Our results show how education plays a role in criminal charges later in adulthood.

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Why is it important?

Crime is costly to victims and society. This article is important because it demonstrates crucial aspects of childhood education that can protect against criminal offending later in adulthood.


This article uses sophisticated statistical techniques to demonstrate a more in depth examination of the role that education plays in the trajectory to criminal offending. This study highlights the importance of school achievement and absences, especially for males. This gives practitioners, researchers, and policy makers the opportunity to explore these avenues as potential intervention points to reduce adult criminal offending.

Kathleen Kennedy-Turner
Institut national de la recherche scientifique

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This page is a summary of: Beyond educational attainment: The role of achievement and school absence in the development of criminal justice involvement., Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, October 2021, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/cbs0000260.
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