What is it about?

Bringing culture into the classroom. A. Wade Boykin’s research contributions demonstrate the influence of culture on cognition and learning and show how psychologists and educators can positively use culture to impact the performance of learners from minoritized backgrounds.

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Why is it important?

This article advances the historic, present, and future impact of Dr. A. Wade Boykin’s work and the development of the triple quandary framework. By describing the dissonance between home cultural socialization, schooling, and societal institutions as experienced by Black people, Boykin’s framework can be readily applied to other minoritized populations. His contributions to psychology and beyond address diversity, equity, and inclusion in learning and socialization settings, guiding systemic change across racial, class, and geographical considerations.


Highlighting the career contributions of my father, A. Wade Boykin, alongside three of his mentees and one of mine, is the most meaningful contribution I've made to the world to this point. We worked on this article as a team and brought tears of joy to my father in the process. The initial manuscript was submitted for review on my father's 75th birthday. There is so much work to do to leverage the power and flexibility of his framework for improving student outcomes globally. I believe our paper will help bring more creative scientific minds to harness cultural congruence to solve problems for minoritized learners.

Malik Boykin
Brown University

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This page is a summary of: From triple quandary to talent quest: The past, present, and future of A. Wade Boykin's contributions to psychology., American Psychologist, May 2023, American Psychological Association (APA), DOI: 10.1037/amp0001116.
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