What is it about?

This study explores the relationship between music self-efficacy, help-seeking orientation, self-esteem, and the preferences of online music tutorials users among amateur musicians. 316 amateur musicians from 26 countries, who use online music tutorials while learning to play new pieces, answered questionnaires measuring learning and playing habits (co-playing experience, studying music with a teacher, years of playing, weekly hours of playing) as well as the psychological measures. The results indicated that self-esteem, autonomy help-seeking orientation, preferences of autonomy online music tutorials, and weekly hours of playing were positive predictors of music self-efficacy. Conversely, dependent help-seeking orientation was a negative predictor of music self-efficacy.

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Why is it important?

These results could have an impact on the pedagogical approach to the incorporation of informal methods and materials in formal musical studies. Autonomy forms of music learning, that can allow students greater freedom and self-direction can also support music self-efficacy of amateur musicians. We demonstrated the combined effect of personal characteristics and learning and playing habits on music self-efficacy, this approach leans the need to accommodate teaching methods, focusing on independent ways of online learning that would better assist the learner, merely by adopting a teacher's point of view and the skills of autonomy help seeking. Considering autonomy-driven pedagogy, the peer-learning characteristic of popular music, and the well-documented connection between self-efficacy, creativity, and musical performance, we consider it important to deepen the understanding of the effects of autonomy vs. dependent online music tutorials use as well as other learning and playing habits on music self-efficacy.


This article is the first product of a long collaboration with a musician and music educator, colleague, and life partner. Combining educational perspectives with the field of social psychology, from which I come, opens possible views on technological teaching materials and methods and offers optional influences of the amateur music world, on formal music teaching.

Gal Harpaz
Open University of Israel

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Music self-efficacy, self-esteem, and help-seeking orientation among amateur musicians who use online music tutorials., Psychology of Aesthetics Creativity and the Arts, June 2021, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/aca0000405.
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