What is it about?
This handbook chapter outlines various types of pictorial/visual metaphor (the contextual, hybrid, simile, and verbo-pictorial types) and explains how they differ from multimodal metaphors: metaphors whose target and source domain are represented exclusively or predominantly in different "modes." The modes discussed here are the visual an the written-verbal modes. The metaphors in five print advertisements and one short animation film are analysed.
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Why is it important?
Conceptual Metaphor Theory (Lakoff and Johnson 1980) claims that humans can only understand abstract phenomena by systematically comparing them with concrete, physical ones. Put differently, our species draws on embodied metaphors of the ABSTRACT TARGET DOMAIN A IS CONCRETE SOURCE DOMAIN B, by mapping/projecting features from the source domain to the target domain. A consequence of the view that we THINK (not just write and talk) via metaphors is that metaphors inevitably also surface in visual and multimodal representations. Issues briefly addressed include the influence of genre on metaphor identification and interpretation, the difference between creative and structural metaphor, and the fact that other tropes besides metaphor await theorization from a cognitivist perspective.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: Metaphor in Pictures and Multimodal Representations, September 2008, Cambridge University Press, DOI: 10.1017/cbo9780511816802.028.
You can read the full text:
Summary of Forceville (2016a)
“Pictorial and multimodal metaphor.” In: Nina-Maria Klug and Hartmut Stöckl (eds), Handbuch Sprache im multimodalen Kontext [The Language in Multimodal Contexts Handbook] (241-260). Linguistic Knowledge series. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Summary of Forceville (2016b)
Forceville, Charles (2016). “Visual and multimodal metaphor in film: charting the field.” In: Kathrin Fahlenbrach (ed.), Embodied Metaphors in Film, Television and Video Games: Cognitive Approaches (17-32). London: Routledge.
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