What is it about?

This study estimates the total net forward, backward and internal carbon connections of the EU's top seven emitters for inland, water and air transport from 1995 to 2011. It also reports direct emissions and intensities. The direct emissions of the seven for all four sectors increased mostly in varying proportions, while the direct intensities followed a downward trend. Total, inland, water and air net back emissions were reasonably stable except for Germany, whose total and inland net back emissions declined sharply in 2000, while water and air emissions increased sharply. Although some nations have seen a decline, overall land and air transport net forward emissions have increased. While the net forward emissions of water transport had huge fluxes in the middle, they had stabilized towards the end. Total, domestic and air transport internal emissions have increased over time for most nations. However, the internal emissions of water transport, except for the United Kingdom, were reasonably stable. Electricity, Gas and Water Supply ' was the leading source of German; Polish; Italian; British and Dutch net downstream emissions. France and Spain had the highest carbon imports from ' Coke, Refined Petroleum and Nuclear Fuel. ' The highest net forward emission destinations keep changing over time.

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Why is it important?

The EU's struggle to mitigate temporal emissions from the transport sector while succeeding in reducing carbon emissions from other sectors makes it all the more important to look at the problem in an unconventional manner. A comprehensive time-based analysis of transport sector carbon linkages of key EU economies will not only allow us to understand how transport carbon linkages have affected the carbon emissions of respected nations over the years, but can also tell us how these emissions have increased over the years. Other countries may also benefit from the analysis of transport carbon links presented by us as a case study for their own transport sector-specific links.

Perspectives

Writing this article was a great pleasure as it has my Phd co-supervisor as the second co-author.

Dr. Muhammad Jawad Sajid
Xuzhou Institute of Technology

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This page is a summary of: Transport sector carbon linkages of EU's top seven emitters, Transport Policy, August 2019, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2019.05.002.
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