What is it about?

One of the main aims of the EU’s common agricultural policy (CAP) is to promote the development of rural areas The paper provides a systematic literature review on the impacts of CAP on the socioeconomic situation of rural areas in the EU.

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Why is it important?

The reviewed studies have found CAP to have no significant impacts on rural development as an abstract concept and the rural population; positive but negligible effects on economic output, the generational change in farming and gender equality; a positive effect on employment; and limited or inconclusive evidence about the impact on economic diversification, regional cohesion and civil participation.


The impact of the CAP is highly dependent on context, future research is suggested to avoid some of the previous trends, such as focusing narrowly on a single region or not differentiating between various instruments of the CAP.

Professor Imre Ferto
Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences: Budapest

Comparison of impact evaluations demonstrate that the effects and effectiveness of the CAP depend economic and social situation and can not be generalized over very different regions.

Jüri Lillemets
Eesti Maaulikool

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: The socioeconomic impacts of the CAP: Systematic literature review, Land Use Policy, March 2022, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2021.105968.
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