What is it about?

Applying Adams classic Equity Theory to help understand the challenges of Emiratization (Emiratisation). Though it could equally be applied to Saudisation, Kuwaitisation, etc. Having reviewed the literature on Emiratization I make some specific suggestions for overcoming the barriers to workforce nationalization in the UAE (Emiratization) . This research is being used by colleagues in Economics, Public Policy and Human Resource Management/OB across the GCC to illustrate how theory can inform organization and government decision making

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Why is it important?

The issue of workforce nationalization in the GCC countries, including the UAE, is a central social and economic concern. Meaningful work for the local population is a priority for ensuring social stability, happiness and prosperity.


A rewarding opportunity to focus my thoughts on an issue of huge practical significance for the UAE and a hopeful contribution to help in solving the many challenges of Emiratization.

Dr James C Ryan
United Arab Emirates University

A largely theoretical work. It was interesting to reflect on the use of classic management literature to solve a current problem instead of chasing the latest developments.

Dr James C Ryan
United Arab Emirates University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Old knowledge for new impacts: Equity theory and workforce nationalization, Journal of Business Research, May 2016, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.10.022.
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