“I drove after drinking alcohol” and other risky driving behaviours reported by young novice drivers

  • Bridie Scott-Parker, Barry Watson, Mark J. King, Melissa K. Hyde
  • Accident Analysis & Prevention, September 2014, Elsevier
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2014.03.002

Risky driving behaviours reported by young novice drivers

What is it about?

Driving after drinking alcohol is associated with increased crash risk. We explored the behaviours of young drivers who reported driving after drinking and driving after using drugs. We had 1076 young drivers aged 18 to 20 years of age, from across the state of Queensland, Australia, complete an online survey.

Why is it important?

Generally, only a small proportion of young drivers reported driving over the alcohol limit (14%), and a very small proportion drove after taking illicit drugs (2.8%). More common risky driving behaviours included speeding and driving errors such as misjudging stopping distances. Young drivers also commonly reported driving when they knew they were tired (83.6%), and driving faster if in a bad mood or affected by their emotions. Males more commonly reported driving faster than females, and a larger proportion of males reported driving after using substances than females. Drivers who reported drug driving were much more likely to report risky driving behaviours such as speeding and making driving errors. Young drivers who reported drink driving similarly reported more driving errors and more risky behaviours such as speeding.

Perspectives

Dr Bridie Scott-Parker
University of the Sunshine Coast

Young drivers are particularly vulnerable because they are inexperienced drivers, despite completing a minimum of 100 hours certified supervised driving practice in a logbook in the learner licence phase in Queensland. Young drivers are also at greater risk because they are still developing physically, cognitively, socially, and psychologically. We know that alcohol is related to greater crash risk and we know that drugs impair driving behaviour and important functions for driving (such as reaction times). Therefore, ideally we have intervention and enforcement efforts that target drivers of all ages so that drivers of all ages and experience are not driving whilst influenced by both licit and illicit substances. We also need to target young drivers to minimise their engagement in these risky behaviours as they are directly related to increased risk of engaging in other risky driving behaviours (such as speeding).

Read Publication

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2014.03.002

The following have contributed to this page: Dr Bridie Scott-Parker