What is it about?

Synoptic meteorology plays a crucial role in understanding weather variability in the Iberian Peninsula, with six primary synoptic situations accounting for most of this variability. These synoptic patterns not only impact general weather conditions but also seem to have specific effects on airborne pollen and spore dynamics in Barcelona. For instance, the prevalence of high allergy risk values for Platanus is consistently associated with a particular synoptic pattern. Additionally, the initiation of Urticaceae pollination has been observed to occur earlier under specific weather patterns. Furthermore, the presence of Alternaria, a common fungal allergen, is more pronounced during the prevailing summer scenario. These findings underscore the significant influence of synoptic meteorology on various aspects of allergenic pollen and spore dynamics in the region.

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Why is it important?

Identifying the specific synoptic patterns associated with high allergy risk values for certain plant species, such as Platanus, can help individuals with allergies take necessary precautions and manage their symptoms effectively. Additionally, knowing the weather conditions that advance or delay pollination can aid in agricultural planning and the management of crops. Lastly, recognizing the association between synoptic scenarios and the presence of specific allergens contributes to a deeper understanding of the factors influencing allergic reactions and can assist in developing targeted mitigation strategies. Overall, this knowledge enhances our comprehension of the intricate relationship between synoptic meteorology, environmental factors, and human health in the context of the Iberian Peninsula.

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This page is a summary of: Influence of synoptic meteorology on airborne allergenic pollen and spores in an urban environment in Northeastern Iberian Peninsula, The Science of The Total Environment, July 2023, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.165337.
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