What is it about?
Our understanding of mental disorders like depression has focused on trying to understand syndromes (e.g., major depressive disorder). However, these syndromes have been critiqued for being too broad and for not being valid. This paper argues that understanding the symptoms of mental disorders like depression (e.g., loss of pleasure or depressed mood) may actually improve how we describe and explain them.
Photo by Hush Naidoo on Unsplash
Why is it important?
This paper outlines what we call the "Phenomena Detection Method" or PDM. The PDM is a new framework that can help researchers build an explanation of the key symptoms of mental disorders across four steps. The PDM is a "bottom-up" approach - its goal is to help researchers understand a complex thing like "depression" by analysing its key parts (i.e., symptoms).
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: From symptoms of psychopathology to the explanation of clinical phenomena, New Ideas in Psychology, August 2019, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.newideapsych.2019.01.004.
You can read the full text:
The following have contributed to this page