What is it about?

In this paper, a combination of Finite Element Method (FEM) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations is presented. They were performed in order to develop an optimised flank face design for twist drills used for machining Inconel 718. This modification consists of a retraction behind the cutting edge which is ground into the tool flank face. It results in an increased free volume behind the cutting edge which can then be filled with cutting fluid, but in consequence, there also is a decrease in cutting material stabilising the cutting edge. Therefore, sufficient mechanical strength of the remaining cutting edge had to be ensured. At the same time, the increase in cutting fluid flow behind the cutting edge also helps to protect the remaining cutting material from the high temperatures which occur when machining nickel-based alloys such as Inconel 718. After the simulation-based findings had been transferred to real tools modified by grinding, subsequent experimental investigations could show that twist drills with a modified flank face reached tool life up to five times longer compared to standard tools.

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Why is it important?

FEM analysis of the mechanical and thermal loads inside twist drills. CFD analysis of the flow distribution and velocities at the cutting edge. Determination of the cutting fluid flow along the cutting tools. Increase in tool lives of up to 300%. Potential of flank face retraction to increase productivity and workpiece quality.


Together with further simulative and experimental in- vestigations, the knowledge gained will be used to make more targeted use of the existing potential of flank face retraction in order to further increase productivity and workpiece quality.

Dr. Ekrem Oezkaya
Turk-Alman Universitesi

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Simulative analyses focused on the changes in cutting fluid supply of twist drills with a modified flank face geometry, International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, August 2020, Elsevier,
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2020.105650.
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