What is it about?

The article, delves into the critical realm of technology transfer for climate-resilient development, with a specific focus on the interactions between developed and developing nations. Employing a comprehensive thematic analysis methodology, the study identifies and consolidates six primary barriers to technology transfer. Notably, the top two hurdles are elucidated as Organization and Knowledge, and Government and Law. Furthermore, within these primary themes, the study unveils specific subbarriers such as System and Technical issues, and Political concerns. By conducting a non-time-restricted thematic analysis spanning from 1990 to 2023, the research aims to bridge an existing gap in the literature by providing a consolidated understanding of the diverse data related to barriers hindering successful technology transfer.

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Why is it important?

The significance of this study lies in its contribution to addressing the barriers impeding technology transfer, which is identified as a crucial tool for mitigating climate change. As highlighted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), facilitating technology transfer between developed and developing countries is instrumental in limiting global temperature rise. Despite the extensive research on this subject, the article underscores the lack of a consolidated thematic analysis. The findings not only reveal the primary obstacles but also emphasize the need for collaborative commitment, effective policies, and mechanisms to overcome these barriers. The measures suggested include facilitating knowledge transfer, addressing intellectual property rights, allocating financial responsibilities, communicating technology transfer benefits, and ensuring adequate infrastructure. Overall, overcoming these obstacles is imperative for enhancing climate-resilient development, aligning with global climate initiatives such as the Paris Agreement, and contributing to the UN Sustainable Development Goal 12 and the adoption of circular economy practices. Additionally, the study contributes methodologically by providing a guide for conducting thematic analysis with secondary data, opening avenues for future research on solutions to promote successful climate-oriented technology transfer.


The study's emphasis on technology transfer as a pivotal tool for limiting global temperature rise aligns with the gravity of the environmental challenges we face today. Personally, I find the identification of barriers, such as Organization and Knowledge and Government and Law, to be enlightening, shedding light on the intricate challenges that hinder the smooth flow of technological solutions between developed and developing nations. The study's call for collaborative commitment and effective policies echoes the sentiment that individual actions, along with cohesive international efforts, are essential in addressing the complexities of climate change. Moreover, the suggested measures, including knowledge transfer, addressing intellectual property rights, and prioritizing future-oriented technologies, provide actionable steps for both policymakers and individuals concerned about sustainable development. On a broader scale, this research reinforces the interconnectedness of climate-resilient development with global initiatives like the Paris Agreement. Personally, it motivates me to advocate for policies and practices that facilitate technology transfer, acknowledging its role in achieving not only environmental sustainability but also contributing to broader United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. This article serves as a reminder that, regardless of our individual roles, we can contribute to a more sustainable and resilient future by understanding and actively addressing the barriers to technology transfer outlined in the study.

Dr. Muhammad Jawad Sajid
Xuzhou Institute of Technology

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Breaking barriers: Assessing technology transfer for climate-resilient development, Environmental Technology & Innovation, February 2024, Elsevier,
DOI: 10.1016/j.eti.2023.103471.
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