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The lattice Boltzmann method is used to study natural convection of a CuO/water nanofluid in a hollow cavity. The hollow walls are fixed at a uniform temperature, and the effect of an applied magnetic field is examined. The Koo–Kleinstreuer–Li model, which accounts for nanoparticle’s Brownian motion, is used to gain the nanofluid effective thermal conductivity and nanofluid viscosity. The mechanisms how the inclination angle of magnetic field, Hartmann number, Rayleigh number, hollow width and nanoparticle volume fraction affect the streamlines, isotherms and rate of heat transfer are also studied. The results show that the average Nusselt number is increased by incrementing the nanoparticle volume fraction, Ra, magnetic field inclination angle and hollow width, but decreased by the Ha. For L = 0.4, the value of Ra where the dominant mechanism of heat transfer is changed from conduction to convection is larger than 105. But for L = 0.48 or 0.56, the turning point of the dominant heat transfer mechanism is at Ra < 105. Besides, at L = 0.4 or 0.48, the average Nusselt numbers in hot walls are higher than those in cold wall, but the opposite trend is found at L = 0.56.

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This page is a summary of: Koo–Kleinstreuer–Li correlation for simulation of nanofluid natural convection in hollow cavity in existence of magnetic field, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, February 2019, Springer Science + Business Media, DOI: 10.1007/s10973-019-08038-6.
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