An Initial Assessment of Measurement Invariance in Sales Force Coaching: Comparing the French and Spanish Versions of Ellinger’s Coaching Measure

  • Claudio Pousa
  • January 2016, Springer Science + Business Media
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-26647-3_164

Spanish and French translations of a Managerial Coaching measuring scale

What is it about?

Managerial coaching is becoming an important practice in business today. The most used scale to measure managerial coaching activity was developed in English. This paper presents a translation of this scale into Spanish (the second most spoken language on Earth, after Chinese) and into French.

Why is it important?

Given the globalization of the economy and business practices, it is becoming more and more important to do research with international (non-native English populations) to validate research originally done in USA. This translation will allow researchers to do research in managerial coaching with populations where Spanish and French are their preferred language.


Claudio Pousa
Lakehead University

The publication is timely because it provides a Spanish and French translation of the most popular measure of coaching, originally developed in English, thus allowing researchers and business people to do research in coaching globally and with culturally diverse populations. Furthermore, the statistical analysis showing that the measures in the different languages are equivalent is very strong and can be cited for anyone doing multicultural research or comparing structural models through different groups.

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The following have contributed to this page: Claudio Pousa