What is it about?

Perovskite quantum dots (PeQDs) endowed with capping ligands exhibit impressive optoelectronic properties and enable for cost-efficient solution processing and exciting application opportunities. We synthesize and characterize three different PeQDs with the same cubic CsPbBr3 core, but which are distinguished by the ligand composition and density. PeQD-1 features a binary didodecyldimethylammonium bromide (DDAB) and octanoic acid capping ligand system, with a high surface density of 1.53 nm-2, whereas PeQD-2 and PeQD-3 are coated by solely DDAB at a gradually lower surface density. We show that PeQD-1 endowed with highest ligand density features the highest dispersibility in toluene of 150 g/L, the highest PLQY of 95% in dilute solution and 59% in a neat film, and the largest core-to-core spacing in neat thin films. We further establish that ions are released from the core of PeQD-1 when it is exposed to an electric field, although it comprises a dense coating of one capping ligand per four surface core atoms. We finally exploit these combined findings to the development of a light-emitting electrochemical cell (LEC), where the active layer is composed solely of solution-processed pure PeQDs, without additional electrolytes. In this device, the ion release is utilized as an advantage for the electrochemical doping process and efficient emissive operation of the LEC.

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Why is it important?

Perovskite quantum dots (PeQDs), comprising a perovskite core surrounded by organic capping ligands, exhibit a number of attractive opto-electronic properties. It is well established that the latter plays a key role during PeQD growth and purification, as well as for the passivation of surface defects and the performance in devices. However, a comprehensive understanding of the impact of the capping ligand type and density on this ion liberation in PeQDs is lacking.


This study demonstrated that the type and density of capping ligands play crucial effects on perovskite quantum dots' optoelectronic performance, morphology, and ion liberation of CsPbBr3 perovskite quantum dots. It provides us a new understanding of the capping ligand's role in light-emitting devices.

Yongfeng Liu
Yangzhou University

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This page is a summary of: The influence of the capping ligands on the optoelectronic performance, morphology, and ion liberation of CsPbBr3 perovskite quantum dots, Nano Research, April 2023, Tsinghua University Press,
DOI: 10.1007/s12274-023-5589-y.
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