What is it about?
The predominant aim of this study was to extend the literature by analyzing the mediating effect of the body-mind-spirit dimensions of wellness between dispositional gratitude and life satisfaction among university students. The body-mind-spirit dimensions were predicted to serve as mediators, as they represent an all-encompassing approach to practicing wellness behaviors. These dimensions aptly cover various aspects of emotional, psychological, intellectual, physical, and spiritual wellness to enable students to make positive life style choices and realize their potential (Mareno and James 2010). The multidimensional aspects of wellness embodied in the mind-body-spirit mediation model provide greater explanatory power to the relationship between dispositional gratitude and life satisfaction as compared to the earlier models covering a single aspect of social wellness (i.e., social support or social connectedness), emotional wellness (i.e., stress or positive and negative effect), or spiritual wellness (i.e., meaning in life). The body-mind-spirit mediation model is therefore superior to the prevailing models acting as mediators between gratitude and life satisfaction/subjective well-being.
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Why is it important?
The present study is based on the Broaden-and-Build mechanism. It is perhaps the first study to have considered the mediating effect of the mind-body-spirit dimensions of wellness between dispositional gratitude and life satisfaction among university students. This study is valuable and meaningful, as it explicates the role of dispositional gratitude in contributing to students’ wellness behaviors related to the body-mind-spirit dimensions and life satisfaction. It is rooted in the Broaden-and-Build theory (Frederickson 2013) and as such explains how the positive emotion of gratitude may develop personal resources in terms of wellness behaviors, which subsequently foster life satisfaction. The present mediation model was also found to work in the alternate direction solely with regard to the mind dimension of wellness. This suggests a partial revision in the hypothesized model. The overall results thus lead us to conclude that the body-mind-spirit dimensions of wellness may mediate the relation between dispositional gratitude and life satisfaction, whereas, the mind dimension may mediate the relation between life satisfaction and dispositional gratitude. Results of the study may assist educational administrators, faculty members, positive psychology interventionists, and on-campus wellness professionals in developing and implementing result-oriented interventions to promote life satisfaction among university students. All in all, this study advances theory, research, and practice related to positive psychology.
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This page is a summary of: The Body–Mind–Spirit Dimensions of Wellness Mediate Dispositional Gratitude and Life Satisfaction, Journal of Happiness Studies, December 2019, Springer Science + Business Media, DOI: 10.1007/s10902-019-00215-6.
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