What is it about?
Coronal alignment of the knee is defined by the hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), the femoral mechanical angle (FMA), the tibial mechanical angle (TMA), and the joint line convergence angle (JLCA). To date, there is still a lack of knowledge about the variability of native coronal knee alignment. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic review of the current literature about the variability of coronal knee alignment (HKA, FMA, TMA, and JLCA) in non-osteoarthritic knees.
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Why is it important?
The problem is that coronal alignment is an important target in knee arthroplasty. However, there is still not sufficient data what a normal coronal alignment is in native or osteoarthritic knees. From the perspective of the ongoing discussion about personalised knee arthroplasty it is of utmost importantce to gain a better understanding of alignment needs.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: Native non-osteoarthritic knees have a highly variable coronal alignment: a systematic review, Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy, March 2019, Springer Science + Business Media, DOI: 10.1007/s00167-019-05417-2.
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