What is it about?

Do negative ties influence opportunity to perform or willingness to perform or both, and how? We propose that negative ties constrain opportunity to perform through structural empowerment and constrain willingness to perform through psychological empowerment.

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Why is it important?

Our study distinguishes three types of negative ties: oblivious, paranoid, and disclosed.


The invisible characteristics of negative social relationships

PhD Amer Ali Al-Atwi
Al Muthanna University

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This page is a summary of: Oblivious, paranoid, and disclosed negative ties: An examination of the mechanisms underlying the relationship between negative ties and job performance, Journal of Organizational Behavior, January 2018, Wiley, DOI: 10.1002/job.2261.
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