What is it about?

This paper examines Two-Spirit representation in the feather drawings in Chrystos's collection of poetry, Not Vanishing. By closely reading poetry in relation to the drawings, this essay provides significant evidence for Chrystos's critique of white feminism.

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Why is it important?

This paper is important because it situates Chrystos as a significant progenitor of contemporary indigenous feminisms.


This paper brings critical attention to the poetry of Chrystos, which is long overdue.

Crystal Veronie
University of Southern Mississippi

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: “When My Hands Are Empty / I Will Be Full”: Visualizing Two-Spirit Bodies in Chrystos's <em>Not Vanishing</em>, Studies in American Indian Literatures, January 2019, Project Muse,
DOI: 10.5250/studamerindilite.31.1-2.0083.
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